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Binomial Name: Brassica

Varieties: Ideal Purple Top Milan, Purple Top White Globe, White Egg, Golden Globe

Start: Seed or seedling

Germination: 4 - 7 days, 4°C to 30°C

Seed Life (viability): 4 years

Soil: Well drained

Sunlight: Full sun, part shade

Sow Seeds: 3cm apart

Transplant/Thin to: 10 - 15cm apart

Ave. Days to Harvest: 50 - 60

Good Companions: Peas

Bad Companions: -


Fast-growing spring turnip crops are best harvested while the weather is still cool. The flavor of autumn crops is improved by light frost. Don’t forget the greens which are delightful raw or cooked.

Sowing & Planting: Prefers well-drained, fertile soil high in organic matter and with a pH 6.0 to 7.5. Can tolerate slightly alkaline soil. Needs plentiful, consistent moisture. Loosen soil deeply or grow in raised beds to encourage good root development. Will tolerate less-than-ideal conditions but poor soil will slow growth and hurt quality and flavor.

From early spring to late summer, sow seeds 5mm to 1cm deep, 3cm apart in rows 30 to 45cm apart. Thin plants to 10 to 15cm spacings. Plant every 2 weeks for continuous harvest. Quality and flavor are best if harvested when whether is cool.

Growing: Use floating row cover to protect crop from early pests. To help reduce disease, do not plant turnips or other cole crops in the same location more than once every three or four years.

Harvesting: Harvest turnips from one to two months after sowing seeds. Harvest turnip leaves for greens before the roots are ready. Cut the outer leaves, refrigerate unwashed and use as soon as you can. Leave some greens on top to keep root alive. Loosen the soil around turnip roots when they reach 5 to 8cm wide. Pull roots from the soil and twist off the tops, leaving about 1cm of stem. Store turnips in a cool damp place, unwashed, for up to three months.


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