Please scroll down or click here to view the product list
GROWING INSTRUCTIONS FOR PEPPERS & CHILLIES
Binomial Name: Capsicum
Varieties: Cayenne, Baloon, Hungarian Round, Wax, Ricoto / Manzano, Sweet Bell, Georgia Flame, Black Hungarian, Corno di Toro Giallo, Corno di Toro Rosso, Golden Marconi, Italian Pepperoncini, Purple Beauty, Red Cheese, Anaheim, Pasilla Bajio, Serrano Tampequino, California Wonder, Emerald Giant, Quadrato D'Asti, Red Marconi, Tam Jalapeno, Melrose, Ozark Giant
Start: Seeds or seedlings
Germination: 7 to 25 days, 20°C to 35°C
Seed Life (viability): 3-4 years
Soil: Well drained
Sunlight: Full sun
Sow Seeds: 45 - 60 cm apart
Thin to: 45 - 60 cm apart
Ave. Days to Harvest: 65 to 100
Good Companions: Basil, Carrots, Chives, Garlic, Leeks, Marjoram, Onion, Oregano, Tomatoes, Yarrow
Bad Companions: Fennel, Kohlrabi
Sowing: Peppers can be started indoors about 8 weeks before the last frost is expected. Sow the seed 1/2cm deep in a well-drained starting medium. Seeds require a warm environment to germinate; your growing medium should be between 20 - 35 degrees C with 30C being the ideal. Using a heat mat (available at home and garden stores, hardware stores and even pet shops) can help to ensure ideal conditions. Additionally, young starts will fare much better with additional light. Place in a window or sunny location that receives lots of sun exposure. Consider supplementing with artificial lighting if possible.
Planting: Set plants out 2 to 3 weeks after the last frost when the soil has warmed and the weather has settled. Peppers can be temperamental when it comes to setting fruit if temperatures are too hot or too cool. Nighttime temperatures below 15C or above 23C can reduce fruit set.
Tip: Wait until soil temperatures exceed 10 degrees C at all times before placing into the ground. Pepper plants can be fairly close to one another, so that there is slight contact between plants.
Growing: Peppers need a steady supply of water for best performance but be careful not to overwater. A well drained soil will prevent waterlogging. If fertilizing, be careful not to overdo it on nitrogen as this will give you nice lush and leafy plants but will deter fruit growth. Organic fertilizers and soil should be rich in phosphorus, potassium and calcium.
Mulching with black plastic or similar material is a good way to maintain heat and soil moisture. Additionally, floating row covers over your beds can help to protect against cold early in the growing season. Use caution with row covers not to overheat plants and cause them to drop their blossoms.
Tip: Stake tall varieties for earlier and heavier harvest.
Harvesting: You can pick bell type peppers, when they are smaller, in the beginning of summer. They may be taken when they are the size of a golf ball and frequent picking will encourage near-continuous fruit production. Immature bell peppers are soft and pliable with thin pale walls.
Otherwise, take fully mature bell peppers when they are 10 to 12cm long and have full, well-formed lobes. The older the fruit is, the thicker the skin will be.
Tip: Allow peppers to ripen to their final color later in the season to get fruit of different colors. Ripe peppers may be yellow, red, orange or purple, depending on the variety. You can continue to harvest peppers until the first frost.
The Rocoto Pepper, also known as Tree Pepper, is a uniquely beautiful Peruvian heirloom with stunning purple flowers followed by 2.5 cm round green fruits that ripen to red and have black seeds. (20 Seeds)
The Georgia Flame pepper is a 10-15 cm, bright red chile, with a mild, spicy flavor. Peppers grow nice and bulky in size, usually with few seeds. Heavy yields, peppers rate approximately 1500 on the Scoville scale. (20 Seeds)
One of the most popular bell peppers, California Wonder bears blocky, green peppers that can grow to 10x10 cm. Very crisp, crunchy, with the classic sweet bell pepper flavor. Fruits are usually used when green but will ripen to red....
A unique and wonderfully sweet pepper. Very long 25cm fruit are curved, twisted and very slender. This rare heirloom from Turkey has a very rich, sweet flavour and is one of our favourite sweet peppers. (20 Seeds)
This is the most commonly grown Habanero and one of the easiest to grow. Closely related to the Scotch Bonnet, these are fiery hot and extremely pungent with an aromatic flavour and a clean but very intense heat - up to 350,000...
Large plant bears club-shaped fruit, very hot and pungent with a distinctive flavour. Produces heavy yields of thin-walled peppers, a little hotter than a jalapeno but a much more prolific grower. (20 Seeds)
The giant yellow Quadrato bell pepper. The huge fruit are a favourite here. The largest variety we have grown, beautiful and blocky, with very thick walls. Very crisp, very firm. The flavour is outstanding - sweet and rich. (20...
A famous pepper going by a variety of names including Bishops Hat and Orchid Pepper. Bears unusually shaped pods shaped much like a hat. Thin crunchy flesh, wings are sweet and flavourful but the seeds and placenta are extremely hot....
A late Italian pepper with beautiful, big, yellow, 18cm long tapering fruit on large bushy plants. Delicious, light, crisp, super sweet, thick walled peppers that are great for grilling, frying, stuffing or fresh. (20 Seeds)
Long 20cm tapered, bull-horn shaped, firm, glossy, conversation-piece red peppers are sweet and spicy. They are great fresh or roasted. Large plants yield well. Among the best peppers you can grow and so delicious. (20 Seeds)
The traditional favourite in Italy. Also known as Yellow Bull Horn and Corno di Toro Yellow. Large, hardy plants yield very well. Long 20cm tapered, bull-horn shaped fruit turn a golden-yellow-orange when fully ripe with a complex,...
Long Slim Red Cayenne - One of the most widely used hot peppers in cooking, the cayenne is a delicious and hot red pepper growing to 15-20 cm. Has an intense and hot flavor, about 30,000-50,000 on the Scoville index. 70 days. (20...
Total R 0.00
Copyright © 2012. Organic Seeds. All rights reserved.